Calf muscle pain

The calf is a triangular muscle behind the leg just below the level of the knee and extends to the middle of the leg from the back and causes two types of pain.

Chronic non-specific pain that disturbs the person, especially when exerting effort, and these pains may be accompanied by cramps.

Severe and sharp pains that may prevent a person from moving.

This muscle contraction is caused by several reasons:

  • Muscular stress
  • Lack of oxygen to the muscle
  • Repetitive muscle strain
  • Muscle fiber rupture
  • Intramuscular hemorrhage

Most people are exposed to this injury after walking long distances, as in travel, or after long standing, as in the cases of teachers or dentists, or when exercising without warming up. Especially for those who exercise after a long break without preparing the body to return to such activities.

It must be ensured that the person suffering from calf muscle contracture does not suffer from any of the following chronic diseases (diabetes, renal failure, hypothyroidism, and cardiovascular diseases) that may be a cause of this muscle contraction, so it is recommended to visit a doctor immediately when a sudden contraction or pain occurs in this muscle Without making an effort, because it may be an indication of a clot in the leg, especially for patients with varicose veins.

Among the methods of treatment that are recommended when these cramps occur:

  • Put cold water compresses in the place of contraction.
  • Raise the leg higher than the body.
  • Take some painkillers.
  • Doing some stretching exercises for the leg muscles.
  • Consult a specialist doctor as soon as possible.
  • Follow an intensive physiotherapy course.
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